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Abstract Format

There are 2 different abstract format below. First one is for clinical vignettes and second one is for researches.

Clinical Vignettes

The most difficult decision to make is whether your case report is worth submitting as an abstract. Of course, rarity of a condition almost always meets the criterion of worthiness, but few of us have the opportunity to describe something that is completely new. Another reason to report a case is the lesson that it teaches. With this in mind, consider presenting a case if it increases awareness of a condition, suggests the proper diagnostic strategy, or demonstrates a more cost-effective approach to management. Alternatively, a case can be presented because it represents an unusual presentation of a relatively common condition. Other twists include an unusual complication of a disease and its management. Again, it's important to think about the message or lesson that the case can deliver.

Before you begin writing the abstract, present a quick summary of your case to colleagues or mentors to determine if they agree that the case is worthy of presentation. It is important to contribute something unique, but not if it depends on some trivial variation from previously presented cases. For example, if it is known that a certain cancer widely metastasizes, it is not worthwhile to report each new site. Similarly, drug reactions often merit a case report, but not if it is simply a report of a drug in a class whose other members are known to cause the same reaction.

Once you have decided to submit a case report abstract, describe it in such a way as to make it interesting, yet conform to the accepted format. The following paragraphs provide suggestions on both style and format.An abstract submission may contain a maximum of 300 words, including: Title, Introduction, Case Description and Discussion. These subheadings are laid out in the abstract submission form.

Title and Author Information: The title is a summary of the abstract itself and should convince the reader that the topic is important, relevant, and innovative. However, don't tell everything about the case in the title . Make the title short, descriptive, and interesting. Following the title, include the names of authors followed by their institutional affiliations. 

Introduction: Most case report abstracts begin with a short introduction. This typically describes the context of the case and explains its relevance and importance. However, it is perfectly acceptable to begin directly with the description of the case.

Case Description: When reporting the case, describe in sequence the history, physical examination, investigative studies, and the patient's progress and outcome. The trick is to be complete without obscuring the essence of the case with irrelevant details.

Discussion: The main purpose of the discussion is to review why decisions were made and extract the lesson from the case. Not uncommonly, reports from the literature, or their absence, are cited that either directly support or contradict the findings of the case. Be wary of boasting that your case is the "first" to describe a particular phenomenon, since even the most thorough searches often fail to reveal all instances of similar cases. Keep in mind that the best case report abstracts are those that make a small number of teaching points (even just one) in clear and succinct language.

Keywords: These are words that describe key aspects of your research. Choose wisely up to three keywords.

When writing the abstract, avoid excessive reliance on abbreviations. Limit abbreviations to no more than three, and favor commonly used abbreviations. Always spell out the abbreviations the first time they are mentioned unless they are commonly recognized (e.g., CBC).

Research Abstract Layout

An abstract submission may contain a maximum of 300 words, including: Title, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Conclusion. These subheadings are laid out in the abstract submission form.

Title: Titles must be concise, functional & informative, but need not be dull. Use simple language.  The title of the research work should be clear and contain the necessary information to make classification of the article possible.  No more than 150 characters.

Authors: Names of author and co-author(s); Institutional affiliation with the author and co-author(s) (medical faculty and country) or affiliation with the organization that patronizes the investigation

Introduction: Give background information that is useful for introducing your research and that makes clear to the reader why you are asking your research question.  The research question or aim of the study: state the question either as a question or as a hypothesis. Use key terms that will re-appear in the answer to the question in your conclusion.

Methods: The study design, including both independent and dependent variables and use of statistics.

Results: Describe the results obtained based on the research or study question and the methods applied.

Conclusion: The answer: give a clear summary of the outcome to the research or study question. 

  1. Discussion: only if important for your research, state some conditions that could have influenced your data. Keep it as short and concise as possible. 
  2. Implication: it is of great importance to state the implication or relevance of your research or study. Do not use words like 'we intend to study' or 'work will be done to prove', etc.

Keywords: These are words that describe key aspects of your research. Choose wisely up to three keywords.